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Visitors Larry and Lynn Schuyler researching family history at St. Paul’s

Updated: Oct 21, 2019

by Bo Price

This past August, Larry and Lynn Schuyler visited St. Paul’s from Worcester, Massachusetts. Earlier in the summer, Larry had been in touch with us to inquire about his great-grandfather Stephen Bates and his grandmother Rose Bates Schuyler. His ancestors had been members of St. Paul’s in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and Larry wondered if there might be any information in our records.


Larry and Lynn Schuyler visit St. Paul’s from Worcester, Massachusetts

Larry also mentioned that Stephen Bates had been a sheriff in Vergennes and died in 1907. It all sounded very interesting, so I took some time to research our Parish records and found instances of all of the Bates family recorded: Stephen, his wife Frances, and their children Rose and Frederick (Fred).


The marriage of Rose and Raymond Schuyler is also recorded. Family members are listed under Communicants, Burials (both Frances and Stephen), Baptisms (Frances, Rose, and Frederick), and, as mentioned, Marriages (Rose and Raymond).

In addition, I decided to search around historical newspapers online to see if I could find any history on Stephen Bates, as, being a sheriff of Vergennes, I figured that he probably was well known to the community. Indeed he was!


The obituaries about Stephen Bates (see below) provided the most information. We learned that he was born in Virginia in 1842 from free parents and lived with the Hill Carter family*, and he shared memories of Gen. Robert E. Lee, the Custises and other prominent families of the time.


During the Civil War he was in the service of officers at Harrison’s Landing and afterwards went to Washington. That in itself is a fascinating story. But what makes his history pertinent to St. Paul's, in particular, is that after the war, he met and was employed by a Vermont Congressman named Frederick Woodbridge, whose family had strong ties to St. Paul's.


*Another interesting fact is that the Hill Carter family were (and still are) owners of the Shirley Plantation near Richmond. They owned slaves when Stephen Bates was born, and so it makes it intriguing that he was born from “free parents” and still lived on the plantation.


One obituary said that his father was a carpenter and Stephen was trained as a waiter. I also found out that Robert E. Lee’s mother was Ann Carter Hill, who grew up on the Shirley Plantation. So no wonder Stephen Bates would have been around some of these prominent Virginian families, including Lee. I told Larry his next trip should be to Virginia to investigate records there!

Rose Bates Schuyler

Woodbridge and Bates

Stephen Bates’ obituary states that he moved to Vergennes with Frederick Woodbridge in 1866, but Woodbridge served in the United States House of Representatives from 1863 to 1869.


Given that Woodbridge was a US Congressman, it appears that Bates either stayed in Vergennes or accompanied him between Vermont and Washington for three more years.


One article identified Bates as Woodbridge’s coachman. In Kenneth Degree’s book, Vergennes in 1870: A Vermont City in the Victorian Age, he describes the African American population in Vergennes at the time (see longer excerpt below):


"Eleven African-Americans resided in the city in 1870, a number that was less than one percent of the population. Nine were women and all but two, who were married, worked at menial jobs such as domestic servant, cook or washer woman. The two men held jobs as a barber and a stable boy. It would be easy to pass off the low social standing to there being former slaves. However, seven were natives of the Green Mountain State."


Woodbridge eventually returned to the family home in Vergennes and lived there for the remainder of his life. He died in 1888. One of the articles I found said that Frederick Woodbridge was elected mayor of Vergennes the same year that Stephen Bates was elected Sheriff.


From the Orleans County Monitor from April 7 1879, it states that “Vergennes has elected ex-Congressman F. E. Woodbridge mayor while his colored coachman, Stephen Bates, is the new city Sheriff.”


Interestingly, the Woodbridge home was sold to St. Paul’s in 1890 and has served as our Rectory since then. It’s one of the oldest homes in Vergennes, having been built in the 1790s by Enoch Woodbridge, Frederick’s grandfather, who was also a state politician, mayor, and supreme court judge, and one of the founders of the Episcopal society in Vergennes that started St. Paul’s.


A recent family descendant of the Woodbridge family, George Swift, was a faithful member of St. Paul’s and our current endowment is a result of his generous gift to St. Paul’s. Could it be possible that Stephen Bates lived in the Rectory at one point? According to another article I read, Stephen did own another house on North Street which later succumbed to fire.


Stephen must have been very important to Vergennes as well as to St. Paul's, as, according to the obituaries, he proudly served as sheriff and chief of police for 26 consecutive years (Note: Lenore Morse found some discrepancies in the Annual Reports for that time period at the Bixby Library). But given the starting year mentioned in the Orleans County Monitor, it appears he served consecutively from 1879 until 1905. And then there was a break, and then he was unanimously reelected in 1907, the year of his death.


Apparently Stephen was responsible for rounding up some noted criminals of the time. He is also mentioned in the The Southern Workman, vol. 35 which includes an entry about his life (citation is from the New York Evening Post). He died in 1907, and I believe that he and his wife, Frances, are buried at Prospect Cemetery in Vergennes. Frances predeceased Stephen. Her obituary states that she died in 1897 at age 45 of heart failure.

Ray Schuyler

I don't have much info on other members of the family except some links in the newspaper articles that refer to Rose and her family visiting Stephen Bates in Vergennes. They were visiting from Worcester, Massachusetts. Perhaps they all attended a service at St. Paul's while visiting. (See a 1904 family photo of Raymond, Rose’s husband, and four of their children below). Rose had 10 children, one of whom is Larry’s father, the youngest born later than those shown in the photo. I also found an article on Rose Bates and Raymond Schuyler’s wedding at St. Paul’s


One interesting link did mention Frederick (Fred) Bates, Stephen's son, rescuing the Rector of St. Paul's, E.B. Smith, from drowning in the lake! I can only speculate that the whole family must have been endeared to the St. Paul's community for that episode and for many others besides. It even seems likely that Frederick (Fred) Bates was named after Frederick Woodbridge.


SUPPORTING MATERIAL


Fred Bates saves Rector from drowning

Middlebury Register, August 18, 1893

Rev. E. B. Smith, rector of St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, came near drowning Tuesday last while bathing at the lake. He was rescued by Fred Bates of this city.


Marriage of Rose Bates and Raymond Schuyler at St. Paul’s, 1893

Middlebury Register, August 18, 1893

Wednesday morning at 10:30 o’clock the Episcopal church was beautifully festooned and trimmed with rare and fragrant flowers, vines, etc., the occasion being the marriage of Miss Rose M. Bates, daughter of our chief of police, Stephen Bates, and wife to Raymond A. Schuyler of Worcester, Mass. The church was crowded with the relatives and friends of the contracting parties, the rector, Rev. E.B. Smith officiating. Mr. and Mrs. Schuyler departed on the noon express for Worcester, where they will reside.


Obituaries of Stephen Bates

Middlebury Register, June 21, 1907

Stephen Bates, sheriff and chief of police of this city, died suddenly Sunday evening from heart disease while milking a cow in the barn of F. I. Fish. For over a year Mr. Bates had been subject to the disease which causes his death and Sunday complained of feeling ill but persisted in taking care of his work as usual. Stephen Bates was born of free parents in Shirley, Charles City county, Virginia in 1842. During the Civil War, he was in the service of officers at Harrison’s Landing and afterward went to Washington. There he entered the service of Col. Frederick E. Woodbridge of Vergennes, member of Congress from this district, returned with him to this city in 1866 and remained with him until Mr. Woodbridge’s death. After his retirement from Congress, Col. Woodbridge was elected mayor and the same year Bates was elected city sheriff and chief of police. His standing in the community was such that he was able to furnish the bond of $10,000 then required from the sheriff. These offices he held for 26 consecutive years. In 1905 Bates was defeated but in 1907 was unanimously re-elected. The funeral was largely attended Friday.


The Barre daily times, June 11, 1907

Stephen Bates, sheriff and chief of police of this city, died suddenly Sunday night of heart’s disease while milking a cow in the barn of F. I. Fish. He was born of free parents in Shirley, Charles City county, Virginia, in 1842. He lived with the Hill Carter family and had vivid recollections of Gen. Robert E. Lee, the Custises and other prominent families in his native state. His father was a carpenter and Stephen was trained as a waiter.

During the Civil War he was in the service of the officers at Harrison’s Landing and afterwards went to Washington. The offices of sheriff and chief of police he held for 26 consecutive years. In 1905 Bates was defeated but in 1907 was unanimously reelected. While chief of police he had the satisfaction of arresting “Brooklyn Slim” and “Ottawa Red,” two members of a gang of post office burglars, who are now serving sentence in the state prison, and at one time had in his custody as a tramp, Perry the New York train robber, but released him before he was informed that the Pinkertons wanted him. Mr Bates was almost entirely a self-taught man, and in the discharge of the duties of his office was cool and self restrained, rarely if ever acting hastily. He is survived by a son, Frederick M. Bates, one daughter, Mrs. Raymond Schuyler, both of Worcester, Mass, and two sisters who reside in New York. The funeral will be held at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church sometime Wednesday.


Excerpt from Kenneth Degree’s book: Vergennes in 1870: A Vermont City in the Victorian Age

Throughout its history, the citizens of Vergennes were always caught up in the movements of social reform. The little city with its church-going population generally in the vanguard, grappled with such issues as slavery, temperance, and anti-masonry. By wars end, one would have expected to find the residents longing for days of less social churning. Instead the residents of 1870 found themselves wrestling with many new problems and trying to solve some of the older ones.


One issue that drew a great deal of discussion was the future of the former slaves. It was the subject from the pulpit on many Sundays in the city's churches. The congregations listened with rapt attention to speakers suggesting collections be made to societies that would educate them and give them spiritual guidance or to defray the cost of transporting them to Liberia. It seems ironic that these citizens who showed such concern for the former slaves in the south were indifferent to those blacks who resided within Vergennes' borders.


Eleven African-Americans resided in the city in 1870, a number that was less than one percent of the population. Nine were women and all but two, who were married, worked at menial jobs such as domestic servant, cook or washer woman. The two men held jobs as a barber and a stable boy. It would be easy to pass off the low social standing to their being former slaves. However, seven were natives of the Green Mountain State. Vermont had been staunchly anti-slavery from its birth, but whether Vermonters believed in equality of the races is truly open to question. If the Vergennes example was any indication, they clearly did not.


Portrait of Raymond Schuyler and his Children, Ethel, Stephen, Beatrice, and Dorothea, about 1904. A native of Troy, New York, Raymond Schuyler migrated to Worcester in 1887 to work for the Worcester Wire Works and later worked for the Boston and Maine Railroad. Active in All Saints Episcopal Church, the Masons, and Knights of Pythias, Schuyler was the oldest member of the Worcester Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People when he died in 1956. Worcester Art Museum / mediadrumworld.com

Early Photos of Raymond and 4 children (no Rose)

Note that there is an article form the Middlebury Register from April 6, 1906, the year before Stephen Bates died, about his daughter Rose and two children visiting Vergennes:


"Mrs. Raymond Schuyler and two children who have been visiting her father, Stephen Bates, for the past week, leave today for their home in Worcester, MA."


Perhaps the two oldest in the photograph shown here were in Vergennes and went to a service at St. Paul’s?!


Below are newspaper articles with mention of Stephen Bates and family members. Note that the obituaries include a mention of St. Paul’s as well as Rose Bates wedding to Raymond Schuyler.


The search on newspapers was done on the Chronicling America site. All newspaper results included a search on Stephen Bates. In some instances, family members (Frances, his wife, and children, Rose and Fred) were also mentioned.


All Results on Stephen Bates

Searched on Stephen Bates in Chronicling America, 1812-1907–all results


Below were selections from the All Results page:


Obituaries

Stephen Bates, obit, Middlebury Register, June 21, 1907– includes Civil War info, and info on his coming to Vergennes with Mr. Frederick E. Woodbridge from Washington D.C. where Woodbridge was serving in Congress


Stephen Bates obit in Barre Daily Times, June 11, 1907, funeral at St. Paul’s


Stephen Bates death mentioned in Brattleboro Reformer, June 14, 1907


Mrs. Frances Bates, wife of Stephen, obit. Funeral at St. Paul’s, Middlebury Register, April 23, 1897


Stephen Bates, son of Fred Bates (who was son of Sheriff Stephen Bates) known in Vergennes, died in Worcester, Mass, Middlebury Register October 9 1903


Children

Daughter, Rose Bates married to Raymond A. Schuyler at St Paul’s, Vergennes, Middlebury Register, August 18, 1893


Son, Fred Bates, rescues rector of St. Paul’s, Rev E.B. Smith, from near drowning, Middlebury Register, Vergennes, August 18, 1893 (same page as wedding description)


About daughter visiting father Stephen Bates, Middlebury Register, April 6, 1906


Elections

Ex-congressman F.E. Woodbridge elected mayor of Vergennes while his coachman is elected new city sheriff, Orleans County Monitor, April 7 , 1879


Stephen Bates, elections, Vergennes, Middlebury Register, April 14, 1893


Stephen Bates mentioned with elections in Vergennes, Burlington Free Press, March 30 1888


Family news

Stephen Bates house in Vergennes, North Street, caught fire; walls were saved but all contents lost, Wednesday, Vermont Watchman and State Journal July 1880


Stephen Bates took horses for Col. Walter Scranton (associated with St. Paul’s; father of Cornelia Swift Wagstaff, who was also granddaughter of F.E. Woodbridge on mother’s side), Middlebury Register, May 8, 1891


About Stephen Bates falling from a ladder. Middlebury Register, Oct 23, 1903


Sheriff news

Stephen Bates mentioned as arresting sheriff in “Murder Most Foul” in Ferrisburg, Burlington Free Press, Sept 5, 1890


Stephen Bates arrested man of stealing five horse blankets from LeBoeuf, Burlington Free Press, Sept 10, 1903


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